Mehndi is an art has existed in many centuries. The word of Mehndi is derived from Sanskrit word manddhika. The sign of Mehndi is happiness and prosperity. Our Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) colored his hair and bear with Mehndi. Muslims used it since the Islam is begun. In Pakistan, Mehndi is applied in most important and special occasions like Muslim festivals: Eid-ul-Fitar, Eid-ul-Adha and weddings as well as in India, Indian applied mehndi in their religious festivals like Diwali, Karva Chauth, Bhaidooj, Teej and etc. Mehndi represents the love between the married couple. Wedding ceremony is not complete without Mehndi. Mehndi is applied on hands, feet, hairs and neck. Women and girls like Mehndi very much.
Mehndi has an ancient and long history. It was introduced in India by Mughals in 12th century AD. Before, it was used by the rich families. After this, in India in 17th century to apply mehndi on women barber’s wife was hired. Now a days, the most common patters prevailing in India was emerge in the 20th century. At that time in India, women depicted with their hands and feet with red stain designs. As people from different cultures moving throughout the continents and taking their art forms with their selves and share it with each other, so exact place of origin of Mehndi is not identified
Art of Mehndi in four different styles:
1. Middle Eastern style with floral patterns is mostly similar to the Arabic paintings.
2. The hands and feet using floral patterns is the style of North African style.
3. Lines patterns and teardrops are most commonly used in Pakistani and Indian designs.
4. The mix of Middle Eastern and Indian designs was an Indonesian and Southern Asian styles in which blocks of color on the very tips of their toes and fingers is made.
Types of Mehndi Design:
- Arabic Mehndi
- Bridal Mehndi
- Muslim Arabic
- Traditional Mehndi
- Rajasthani Mehndi
- Hydrabadi style Mehndi
- Bombay style
- Fancy Mehndi
- Colour Mehndi